Chikamaka Band



The Chikamaka People are a people rich in history. The term "Chikamaka" comes from the name comes from the Chickasaw town of that name, Chikamaka Town.
When Tsiyugunsini (Dragging Canoe) separated from the Overhill, he went to Chikamaka Town and setup a camp outside the town. People from various American Indian groups joined him there. They came with the purpose of defending their land and trade rights. These people were Chikamaka, Cherokee, Creek, Shawnee, Catawba, Saponi, Mohawk, Delaware, Choctaw, Chickasaw, along with Tories dispossessed by the American Revolution. They formed the entity known as Chickamaugas.
The people of the Chikamaka Band are descended from Chickamaugas who escaped the destruction by Major Ore of Running Water Town (September 13, 1794) and Nickajack Town (September 14, 1794) and stayed in the homeland and inhabited what is now known as the South Cumberland Plateau. We may have seemed to have assimilated into the mainstream of society, but we have continued to teach our children about who they really are. Over the years we intermarried with other races as well as amongst ourselves, but we remain Chickamaugas.
Since we had fought the whites for over twenty years, our forefathers were denied allotments and basic rights granted to those who descended from “Peaceful Indians.” We were known to both “Whites” and “Peaceful” Indians as “The Hostiles.” We are proud of this nickname. Today, we are as friendly as you will let us be.
While other American Indiance moved west we remained in our mountains, hollows and valleys. We aided numerous Indians who passed our way. Some chose to remain and become a part of us.
If you are researching genealogy for people who are Chikamaka, you will find records of people’s deaths but will never find that person on any US Census because they chose not to participate. Others did participate and were either labeled as “White”, Mulatto, or “Free Person’s of Color.”
Links of Interest

Oklahoma Indian Welfare Act